One of the most valuable skills to learn in school and at university is how to construct an analytical argument. Making decisions in your personal life, career, and just getting by, in general, all benefit from it. Even though we constantly evaluate things, understanding how to write an analytical paper formalizes the process and provides a mental framework to follow. This article will teach you what an analytical essay is, how to choose a suitable topic, how to write each paragraph in detail, and other helpful advice.

What Is an Analytical Essay?

An analytical essay, one of the most typical college tasks, requires you to carefully study a particular topic. The subject can be anything that needs more explanation, including current affairs, movies, literature, news reports, a historical era, or anything else. Arguments supported by facts are used to support claims in analytical writings. They construct an analytical argument utilizing logic and facts rather than relying on sentimental appeals and personal tales. Writing an analytical essay requires understanding and presenting both sides of an argument, unlike writing a persuasive essay where you only need to analyze one side of the argument. At the end, you should discuss whether you agree or disagree with the analysis you have done.

Analytical Essay Outline

The format for an analytical essay should be taken into account first. An analytical essay can use the traditional five-paragraph essay structure with an introduction paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph since it often ranges in length from 500 to 1,000 words. You can increase the amount of body paragraphs if you need to create a longer or more in-depth analysis. Creating an outline will help you organize your essay and understand its general format. Many people choose not to create an outline, but it is important since the time you spend planning can assist direct your research and shorten the time it takes to actually write your essay. Let’s see an example of an analytical essay plan.

  • Introduction
  • Hook
  • Background information
  • Thesis statement
  • Body paragraph 1
  • Topic sentence
  • Supporting evidence
  • Transition to body paragraph to
  • Body paragraph 2
  • Topic sentence
  • Supporting evidence
  • Transition to body paragraph 3
  • Body paragraph 3
  • Topic sentence
  • Supporting evidence
  • Transition to conclusion
  • Conclusion
  • Summary of major points
  • Restate the thesis
  • Key takeaways

Analytical Essay Introduction

The process of creating an introduction for an analytical paper is the same as for any other sort of essay. Since the introduction is the first thing a reader reads, it’s critical to grab their attention and ensure that they are aware of the topic of the paper. A strong beginning gives background information, outlines the paper’s purpose clearly, and makes a few allusions to the assertions you will make.

The opening sentence ought to have a hook. In other words, it must grab the reader’s interest and compel them to continue reading the essay. A hook can be anything interesting and related to your topic, such as an intriguing fact, a funny story, or a provocative inquiry.

The background material for the subject you are analyzing must come next. This is where you list the title, year of publication, director or author’s name, etc. if the work in question is another person’s creation, such as a book or movie. You should provide a brief history of the subject here if it is an academic subject or an abstract idea so that the readers will grasp it.

The next step is to state your thesis in detail. The fundamental goal of your essay is essentially expressed in your thesis statement.It is a line or two that succinctly describes the topic you’re going to evaluate, gives a hint as to the point you’re attempting to make, and, if you have one, expresses your perspective.

Thesis Statement

One of the most difficult aspects of writing any form of essay is coming up with a strong thesis statement. A thesis statement sums up your essay’s main points in one or two phrases. A strong thesis statement clarifies to the reader the topic of the essay. A thesis statement for an analytical essay explains precisely what you analyzed and the conclusion you came to.


Writing an analytical essay requires developing a clear and detailed thesis statement, as each body paragraph should provide evidence to support the statements you make in your thesis statement. In an analytical essay, it might be challenging to establish a thesis statement that is too general; therefore, it must be precise.

Let’s take a look at the following thesis statements:

  • Climate change is one of the biggest problems in the world right now.
  • Video games are going to be more important in the future.
  • Reality television is bad for teenagers.

Even though the themes under analysis are intriguing, the thesis statements are too general to be addressed in a single essay. The reader is left in the dark regarding the specific methods that will be used to assess the themes, so they cannot predict how you will tackle the problem. These thesis statements have been improved in the following sentences.

  • Youth activism is one of the driving forces in the climate change debate and is affecting policy changes in governments.
  • The gamification of education is making video games essential to the future of humanity.
  • False versions of reality expressed in reality television shows are negatively impacting teenagers’ self-esteem.

These thesis statements explore the core issues of video games, reality television, and climate change, but they concentrate on particular details and offer a viewpoint. This provides the essay a focus and makes it clear to the reader what the paper will be about. They assist you give specific information in the body paragraphs and clearly explaining how the topic will be studied.

Analytical Essay Body

There are three body paragraphs in a five-paragraph format, but you might have more in an analytical essay. The core of your essay, the evidence supporting your thesis statement, is in the body paragraphs. Each body paragraph must adhere to a precise structure and should focus on a specific assertion or piece of evidence.

  • Topic sentence that clearly states the direction of analysis for the paragraph
  • The main piece of evidence for your claim
  • Supporting information
  • Transition to the next paragraph

The reader should be aware of the topic your body paragraph will discuss in the opening sentence. For instance, the first body paragraph’s topic phrase could be “Educational video games are being employed in many third world nations to help children who cannot access normal schooling systems” if the essay is about the gamification of education. With this topic phrase, you can introduce the paragraph’s topic and offer factual support.


A strong topic sentence organizes the flow of your analysis report and makes it easier for the reader to follow along. Think about discussing a subject with a friend. The topic sentences you choose to support your assertion serve as the key evidence.

Facts that support your topic sentence are provided in the body paragraph’s remaining sentences. Make sure that the evidence you offer is solely relevant to the precise argument you are making in that paragraph. Each body paragraph should only discuss one topic. It can be tempting to include as much proof as you can, but don’t mention more than what is really necessary. Too much material can make analytical articles difficult to read and comprehend.

The main sentence should be briefly restated at the end of each body paragraph, highlighting how the data you’ve provided supports the argument. The next body paragraph, which includes a different piece of evidence and analysis from a different point of view, can be introduced in this manner. The essay flows smoother and develops a stronger overall argument with the help of a one-sentence summary or other types of transition statements.

Analytical Essay Conclusion

An analysis essay’s conclusion provides a succinct recap of all the major ideas. The objective of this summary is to make the primary argument of the essay apparent; it is not the place to add fresh information or new points of analysis. This is typically how a conclusion paragraph for an analytical paper is formatted.

  • Restate the thesis
  • Summarize the main topic sentences
  • Provide key pieces of evidence
  • Author’s thoughts on possible further analysis

You have written a strong conclusion paragraph if someone can determine the aim of your paper simply by reading it. You reminded the reader of the primary goal of your article by restating it at the beginning. This is crucial after the first three body paragraphs so that the reader can draw connections between the evidence provided and the thesis statement.

An overview of the key arguments and analyses from each body paragraph should come next. Rephrase the key topic phrases and develop a compelling case for your views since you have previously provided evidence to support the claims. The reader may become confused if you introduce new evidence or points of analysis in the conclusion. Only information recaps and summaries are provided in the closing paragraph. Add a new body paragraph if you have a new point of analysis.

Finally, add a few of your own ideas to the closing paragraph. Describe the significance of the subject, why your viewpoint is unique, how your analysis stacks up against that of other experts in the area, etc.

Steps For How to Write an Analytical Essay

There are a few things you may do to simplify the process before you begin writing an analytical essay. The writing process will be easier and the essay’s overall flow and structure will be better the more preparation you perform in advance. You should follow these steps before you even begin writing.

  • Brainstorm different topic ideas
  • Research a few topics you like
  • Choose a topic you like that has enough information to back up your claims
  • Come up with a thesis statement to help direct your research
  • Make an outline

It may be tempting to pick the first idea that comes to mind when you realize, “Oh, I need to write my college paper,” but picking the appropriate subject is one of the most crucial parts of analytical writing.


Once you have a few alternative topic suggestions, examine each one briefly to determine whether you truly find it intriguing and whether there is sufficient data to allow you to create a compelling essay.


You should create a thesis statement now that you have a topic and some background knowledge to have a question in mind when doing in-depth research to gather proof to support your claim.

Choose a Topic

Anything can be analyzed; hence anything can be a topic for analytical essay themes, which is a benefit. The bad news is that there are so many choices that it can be difficult to identify one that is genuinely worthwhile studying. First, look over the list of topics your teacher has given you and choose the ones you find intriguing if they have. If your teacher has given you a list of alternatives, it is your responsibility to investigate one of the subjects distinctively and engagingly. If you have the freedom to choose any subject, make a list of probable themes and then perform some quick research to eliminate all but two or three of them.

The topic you choose should be based on a few things:

  • If you are genuinely interested in the topic it will make the research and writing more fun
  • The topic should have enough research for you to back your claims
  • The topic should not be too broad so that you cannot fully explore it in one essay
  • Try and find a unique way of approaching the topic

You have successfully completed the first stage of writing an analytical essay, Bravo!

Write an Analytical Thesis Statement

The next step in writing an analytical essay is to develop a thesis statement if you have a topic in mind and have conducted enough research. A thesis statement is a sentence or two that sums up the essay’s main points near the end of the introduction. A thesis statement guides the essay as a whole and informs the reader of what to anticipate. Why do you need a thesis so soon? Because developing a thesis statement before you begin your study can assist guide it. This not only saves time but also aids in organizing the essay and points of contention as you learn new material.

A strong thesis statement explicitly identifies the subject matter you will discuss, the details of your analysis, and your personal opinion. For instance, the thesis statement “Video games are becoming crucial to humanity’s future thanks to the gamification of education” makes it plain to the audience that the essay will be about video games and their influence on education.

Organize the Body of Your Essay

The body paragraphs of an analysis paper are where you present evidence to convince the reader that your conclusions are accurate. There should be a distinct topic sentence at the start of each body paragraph outlining the discussion that will take place there. There should only be one specific analysis or piece of supporting evidence per body paragraph. Each paragraph in the body of your essay should highlight one piece of supporting data for your main argument. Build an argument in your body paragraphs from many points of view, but do so in a way that maintains a solid flow and makes each argument clear.

Do research

It’s time to really find the data you require to support your analysis now that you have a thesis statement and an understanding of the layout of the body paragraphs. Thoroughly investigate your subject while concentrating on data that supports your thesis. Make a list of facts that support your assertion and determine the credibility of the sources. Select three or four of the most pertinent pieces of information to support your thesis, and then do more research on only those pieces of data. Fill in the necessary details in your outline and note the source of the information. If you appreciate the topic and undertake well-directed research, conducting research for an analytical essay doesn’t have to take a lot of time or be uninteresting.

Use Evidence Effectively

Facts are necessary for an analytical essay to be convincing, but dryly outlining the facts doesn’t make them compelling or interesting. Create a story around the facts and data you discover during your study. You could say something like, “30% of children in developing countries without access to formal education now use education applications to get high school degrees and lift their families out of poverty,” or, “30% of children in developing countries without access to formal education now use education applications to get high school degrees.”

Use Contrasting Opinions

Including opposing viewpoints in your analytical paper may seem unproductive, yet doing so is a terrific approach to develop a strong case for your position. Find the strongest opposing viewpoint and create a body paragraph that uses evidence to demonstrate why it is inaccurate. Because it demonstrates that you have thought about alternative opinions and by weakening the stronger one, it strengthens your case.

Write an Effective Summary

The important themes of the essay are summarized in the concluding paragraph. A strong conclusion summarizes the essay’s key points in only a few phrases. You can accomplish this by restating the thesis to remind the audience of the essay’s objective and then restating the topic sentences from each body paragraph to highlight the key supporting facts. Finally, briefly discuss the subject’s significance and how your analysis differs from others’.

You just need to remember a few more things to be able to create an analysis essay!

Analytical Essay Topics

Finding the appropriate topic is crucial while attempting to address the query of “how to write an analytical essay,” as was previously discussed. That is why we have devoted this entire section to it. Consider this as a nice topic:

  • Is something you generally find interesting
  • Should attract a reader’s attention
  • Should not be too broad
  • Needs enough quality research to present evidence
  • Asks a question that is important

It can be challenging to choose a suitable topic for an analytical paper, so take your time in identifying anything that fits the requirements. The choice between finding writing enjoyable and receiving a good mark or finding it tedious and receiving a poor grade depends on the topic.

Here are some excellent subjects for analytical essays to get you started.

Here are some topics on psychology essay writing:

  • What qualifies as a mental disorder?
  • Why do more young people feel lonely?
  • What is the effect of lockdowns on mental health?
  • Is happiness an illusion?
  • What are effective methods of coping with depression?

Topics about pop culture

  • Why DOTA is the perfect game
  • What is the impact of the Marvel Cinematic Universe?
  • An analysis of the history of Science Fiction
  • Why blank is the best music genre
  • The rise and fall of Kanye West

Topics about art and history

  • How does World War II still affect us?
  • An analysis of postmodern art.
  • Are all artists geniuses?
  • What is the influence of the Renaissance?
  • What are the lessons learned from war?

Analytical Essay Examples

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