Cell Structure and Function
1. Identify the major similarities and differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. (2 pts)
Prokaryotes tend to be less complex than eukaryotic cells, with fewer organelles and (generally) fewer requirements for survival. Eukaryotes have a nucleus, while prokaryotes do not. Both eukaryotes and prokaryotes have DNA, a cell membrane, and cytoplasm.
2. Where is the DNA housed in a prokaryotic cell? Where is it housed in a eukaryotic cell? (2 pts)
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DNA is housed in the nucleus in eukaryotic cells. Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus, and thus DNA exists freely in the cytoplasm.
3. Identify three structures which provide support and protection in a eukaryotic cell. (2 pts)
The cell membrane, the cytoplasm, and the cytoskeleton (microtubules, microfilaments, etc.).
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