Bio5

Savannah Phillips posted Sep 28, 2021 9:55 AMSubscribe

It is essential to the growth of any organism that it’s cells undergo the process of mitosis. During mitosis, a cell is replicated exactly so that an organism can grow and get bigger. Think about it, children must replicate cells in order to grow, a fully grown adult is much larger than a baby or child and therefore contains many more cells. After humans reach a certain point at which they are considered fully grown, they continue to replicate cells, but at a much slower rate, only replicating as cells die rather than to increase the total amount of cells in the organism’s body. It is also essential that the daughter cells produced during mitosis are exact replicas of the parent cells, because if they are not the mutation will be passed on to every new cell they create until the organism is full of mutated cells. There are certain checkpoints within the mitosis process to prevent this from happening. What do you think would be some issues caused if it weren’t for these checkpoints? Cells become differentiated due to the DNA contained in those original haploid cells present at the time of conception. The genes present in the sperm and egg cell determine all of the differences in an organism. They tell each and every cell what to do and how to do it. Scientists are still unsure of exactly how all of the cells become so different, but the origins of all the differences have to come from that DNA. Where do you think the further differentiation comes in?

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